Get Rid of Acne Scars: Know About Types, Causes, And Treatments

Get Rid of Acne Scars: Know About Types, Causes, And Treatments

Acne affects both teenagers and adults. The appearance of comedones (blackheads), micro cysts (whiteheads), pustules, and nodules (subcutaneous inflammation) resulting from sebaceous gland blockage differentiates it.

Acne scars are defined based on whether collagen decreases (atrophic scars) or increases (hypertrophic scars or keloid scars). The most common type of acne scar is the atrophic acne scar, which can be classified into three types: icepick, boxcar, and rolling scars.

Are you struggling because of acne scars and looking for effective treatment, then pay a visit to Dr. Dixit Cosmetic Dermatology Clinic, and consult Dr. Rasya Dixit, the best doctor for acne scar treatment in Bangalore. She provides effective treatments for acne scar management using the best dermatological procedures. Read on to get more details on acne scars and their management.

Types of Acne Scars

Acne may result in a variety of scars. The dermatologist, on the other hand, can identify the difference just by looking at the condition of the skin. Types include:

  • Atrophic scars: Atrophic scars result in sunken scars of various shapes, such as:
  1. Icepick (narrow, deep trenches)
  2. Boxcar (large dents with a slanted edge)
  3. Rolling (wide, sharp-edged dents).
  • Hypertrophic and keloid scars: Hypertrophic and keloid scars have prominent and lumpy scars.
  • Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation: When an individual has post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, they have red, white, or dark spots where they used to have acne. These are not scars since they don't form scar tissue.

Causes of Acne Scars

  • Acne outbreaks cause damage to the skin and the tissue beneath it when they penetrate deeply. As the acne goes away, the body strives to repair the damage that it has caused. 
  • During the healing process, the body produces collagen, a protein that offers support to the skin. Scars develop when the body produces either too little or too much collagen. The type of scar can be identified by the amount of collagen produced by the body.
  • When the body produces insufficient collagen, depressions, or pits, form as the skin heals.
  • Raised acne scars form when the body produces excessive collagen in an attempt to heal the skin and tissue underneath. When this takes place, a raised acne scar forms.
  • Despite the best attempts to avoid acne scars, some people develop them. There are several treatment options available that can significantly minimise depressed and elevated acne scars.

With Acne Scar Treatment in Bangalore, one can get rid of these unwanted acne marks and achieve smoother and radiant glowing skin. For more details, continue with the following information.

Treatment for Acne Scar Reduction in Bangalore:

There is no single effective therapy for the treatment of acne scars. Scars are usually difficult to completely remove. Scars, on the other hand, can be considerably improved with the proper methods and combinations. Depending on the nature and depth of the scars, multiple therapy sessions may be required. Because various types of acne scars affect different skin layers, combining multiple treatments is recommended.

1. High-quality Topical Medication

The doctor will initiate treatment with some prescription medication. Some topical treatments can improve the appearance of scars. Patients, for example, may be given retino-ids as part of their daily skincare regimen.

Vitamin A derivatives are ret-inoids. Ret-inoids help to speed up skin cell regeneration and turnover. It is good for acne treatment since it reduces discolouration and scarring. They come in a variety of strengths and are present in several over-the-counter acne treatments. To treat the scars, they will need a prescription retinoid. As retino-ids make the skin more sensitive to the sun, use sunscreen in the morning and as needed during the day.

2. Chemical Peels

During a chemical peel, a skin expert applies a chemical solution to the face. The solution contains acids that are unique in their ability to exfoliate dead skin cells from the skin's layers. Alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs), like glycolic acid, mandelic acid, citric acid, and lactic acid, are the most common ingredients in chemical peels. Some contain beta-hydroxy acids, such as salicylic acid.

The skin begins to peel off after the chemical peel, revealing fresh, new skin beneath. Patients may notice how effective this treatment is for acne scars.

Chemical peels are classified based on the area of the skin affected:

  • Superficial peels address sunspots and pigmentation issues by targeting the skin's outermost layer.
  • Medium peels, on the other hand, target the dermis and are perfect for fine lines, wrinkles, and shallow acne scars.
  • Deep peels affect the skin's deepest layer and should only be performed by a chemical peel professional.

The dermatologist will use a medium peel, particularly trichloroacetic acid (TCA), over several sessions to clear the acne scars, depending on the severity of the scars.

Chemical peels are one of the most effective, non-invasive acne scar removal treatments. Some peels are not suitable for darker skin types since they can cause burning and discolouration of the skin. Make an appointment with a chemical peel specialist at Dr. Dixit Cosmetic Dermatology Clinic who is familiar with multifaceted peels. You can also consult them to get more details on Cost of Acne scar Treatment in Bangalore.

3. Laser Treatment

Laser resurfacing is one of the most effective ways to reduce acne scars. This therapy is used to treat ice-pick scars, box scars, crater scars, and rolling scars. Laser advancements in technology have also made them useful for treating hypertrophic scars.

Laser heat for acne scar management is delivered through the use of a device that emits specific wavelengths of light. These laser beams tear down scar tissue and promote the formation of new collagen. As a result, acne scars are significantly reduced, and the skin is smooth and attractive. Lasers are quite successful at reducing the visibility of acne scars. Patients, on the other hand, should only consult a board-certified dermatologist who has had proper education.

4. Microneedling

Microneedling RF therapy is a high-intensity, concentrated radiofrequency treatment that uses insulated microneedles to deliver precise energy into the deeper skin layers. The needles of the microneedling RF device deliver energy to various layers of the dermis. The heat effect induced in the dermis will be considerable, resulting in apparent collagen stimulation and dermal remodelling.

One of the primary benefits of this procedure is that it is safe for all skin types. This procedure tightens and volumizes the dermis to improve its quality. It is used to treat skin laxity and dark circles beneath the eyes. It is good for healing acne scars.

The procedure is minimally invasive and involves pain management using numbing cream or injections of topical anaesthetic. After the treatment, the skin appears red and puffy, although the downtime is short and usually only lasts two days (a weekend). Downtime may extend up to a week for more severe symptoms and acne scarring.

Dr. Rasya Dixit also customises these treatments for acne scar management. She also provides dermal fillers, GFC, carbon laser peel, and several other procedures for effective acne scar removal.

To know more about Acne Scar Treatment Cost in Bangalore, book a visit at Dr. Dixit Cosmetic Dermatology Clinic.